We managed to plow through this course in pretty good time and the only chapters left in the text are organic chemistry and since most of the class already did biology with me two years I decided to skip those chapters. Since we managed to get through all the labs I had planned, I went back and decided to do another specific heat lab from the Home Scientist Chemistry kit manual CK01A, Session IX-3: Determine the Specific Heat of a Metal. This lab suggests using 25-50 pennies, find their mass and then place them in a beaker with roughly 100 ml of water. Bring the water to a boil for a few minutes and then measure the temperature (of the hot water and hot pennies). Remove the pennies from the hot water and place them in a calorimeter (styrofoam cup) containing 100 ml of room temperature water (measure T before putting in hot pennies). Measure the temperature every 30 seconds until it stops going up. The heat gained by the room temperature water is equal to the specific heat of water (4.184 J/gK) times the mass of the water (100g) times the change in temperature (roughly 4 or 5 degrees). Since the heat gained by the water is equal to the heat lost by the pennies we can use the same equation to solve for the specific heat of the pennies. The students got fairly good results for this lab and it was pretty quick, only took an hour or so. I happened to have a set of metal cylinders for density labs and some of the students used those instead of the pennies.
That’s it for this class. I hope you found these posts useful and if you have any questions feel free to post in the comments.